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TORPEDOED TALKS. A t-shirt with images of U.S. President Donald Trump and North Korean leader Kim Jong Un is displayed at a tourist area in Hanoi, Vietnam. North Korea is disputing Trumpís account of why the summit between the two collapsed, insisting the North demanded only partial sanctions relief in exchange for shutting down its main nuclear complex. (AP Photo/Vincent Yu)
From The Asian Reporter, V29, #05 (March 4, 2019), page 16.
North Korea disputes Trumpís account of talks breakdown
By Deb Riechmann, Hyung-jin Kim, and Catherine Lucey
The Associated Press
HANOI, Vietnam ó North Korea is disputing President Donald Trumpís account of why the summit between Trump and Kim Jong Un collapsed, insisting the North demanded only partial sanctions relief in exchange for shutting down its main nuclear complex.
Trump said before leaving Hanoi that the talks broke down because North Koreaís leader insisted that all the punishing sanctions the U.S. has imposed on Pyongyang be lifted without the North committing to eliminate its nuclear arsenal. The president made no mention of the disagreement as he addressed U.S. troops during a stopover at Joint Base Elmendorf-Richardson in Alaska.
Foreign minister Ri Yong Ho commented on the talks during an abruptly scheduled middle-of-the-night news conference.
In Hanoi, Trump had told reporters the North had demanded a full removal of sanctions in exchange for shutting the Yongbyon nuclear facility.
Ri said the North was also ready to offer in writing a permanent halt of the countryís nuclear and intercontinental ballistic missile tests and that Washington wasted an opportunity that "may not come again."
He said the Northís position wouldnít change even if the United States offers to resume another round of dialogue.
Trump said in Hanoi that there had been a proposed agreement "ready to be signed." However, he said after the summit was cut short, "Sometimes you have to walk."
Asked about the North Koreansí claim that they only demanded partial sanctions in exchange for shutting down its main nuclear facility, White House press secretary Sarah Sanders said: "Iíll refer you back to the president and secretary Pompeoís remarks at the press conference" in Hanoi.
Mere hours after both nations had seemed hopeful of a deal, the two leadersí motorcades roared away from the downtown Hanoi summit site within minutes of each other, their lunch cancelled and a signing ceremony scuttled. The presidentís closing news conference was hurriedly moved up, and he departed for Washington more than two hours ahead of schedule.
The disintegration of talks came after Trump and Kim had appeared to be ready to inch toward normalizing relations between their still technically warring nations and as the American leader dampened expectations that their negotiations would yield an agreement by North Korea to take concrete steps toward ending a nuclear program that Pyongyang likely sees as its strongest security guarantee.
In something of a role reversal, Trump had deliberately ratcheted down some of the pressure on North Korea, abandoning his fiery rhetoric and declaring that he wanted the "right deal" over a rushed agreement. For his part, Kim, when asked whether he was ready to denuclearize, had said, "If Iím not willing to do that I wonít be here right now."
The breakdown denied Trump a much-needed triumph amid growing domestic turmoil back home, including congressional testimony by his former personal lawyer, Michael Cohen, who called Trump a "racist" and "con man" and claimed prior knowledge that WikiLeaks would release e-mails that would damage Hillary Clintonís campaign in 2016.
Trump insisted his relations with Kim remained warm, but he did not commit to having a third summit with the North Korean leader, saying a possible next meeting "may not be for a long time." Though both he and Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said significant progress had been made in Hanoi, the two sides appeared to be galaxies apart on an agreement that would live up to U.S. stated goals.
"Basically, they wanted the sanctions lifted in their entirety, and we couldnít do that," Trump told reporters.
Kim, he explained, appeared willing to close his countryís main nuclear facility, the Yongbyon Nuclear Scientific Research Center, if the sanctions were lifted. But that would leave him with missiles, warheads, and weapon systems, Pompeo said. There are also suspected hidden nuclear fuel production sites around the country.
"We couldnít quite get there today," Pompeo said, minimizing what seemed to be a chasm between the two sides.
Longstanding U.S. policy has insisted that U.S. sanctions on North Korea would not be lifted until the country committed to, if not concluded, complete, verifiable, and irreversible denuclearization. Trump declined to restate that goal, insisting he wanted flexibility in talks with Kim.
"I donít want to put myself in that position from the standpoint of negotiation," he said.
White House aides stressed that Trump stood strong.
The failure in Hanoi laid bare a risk in Trumpís unpredictable negotiating style: Preferring one-on-one meetings with his foreign counterparts, his administration often eschews the staff-level work done in advance to assure a deal and envisions summits more as messaging opportunities than venues for hardline negotiation.
There was disappointment and alarm in South Korea, whose liberal leader has been a leading orchestrator of the nuclear diplomacy and who needs a breakthrough to restart lucrative engagement projects with the impoverished North. Yonhap news agency said that the clock on the Korean Peninsulaís security situation has "turned back to zero" and diplomacy is now "at a crossroads."
The two leaders had seemed to find a point of agreement when Kim, who fielded questions from American journalists for the first time, was asked if the U.S. may open a liaison office in North Korea. Trump declared it "not a bad idea," and Kim called it "welcomable." Such an office would mark the first U.S. presence in North Korea and a significant grant to a country that has long been deliberately starved of international recognition.
There had long been skepticism that Kim would be willing to give away the weapons his nation had spent decades developing and Pyongyang felt ensured its survival. But even after the summit ended, Trump praised Kimís commitment to continue a moratorium on missile testing.
If the first Trump-Kim summit in Singapore last year gave the reclusive nationís leader entree onto the international stage, the second appeared to grant him the legitimacy his family has long desired.
Kim, for the first time, affably parried with the international press without having to account for his governmentís long history of oppression. He secured Trumpís support for the opening of a liaison office in Pyongyang, without offering any concessions of his own. Even without an agreement, Trumpís backing for the step toward normalization provided the sort of recognition the international community has long denied Kimís government.
Experts worried that the darker side of Kimís leadership was being brushed aside in the rush to address the Northís nuclear weapons program: the charges of massive human-rights abuses; the prison camps filled with dissidents; a near complete absence of media, religious, and speech freedoms; the famine in the 1990s that killed hundreds of thousands; and the executions of a slew of government and military officials, including his uncle and the alleged assassination order of his half-brother in a Malaysian airport.
Associated Press writers Catherine Lucey, Jill Colvin, Zeke Miller, and Darlene Superville in Washington contributed to this report.
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