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Where EAST meets the Northwest

9/11 EXPLAINED. A New York City firefighter speaks to children in a scene from the documentary What Happened on September 11, a short film aimed at young people to explain to them what happened on September 11, 2001. (HBO via AP)

From The Asian Reporter, V29, #18 (September 16, 2019), page 9.

HBO produces documentary to help kids understand 9/11

By David Bauder

The Associated Press

NEW YORK ó For students from elementary to high school, the September 11 terrorist attack isnít a memory. Itís history. A new HBO documentary that debuted on the eventís 18th anniversary treats it that way.

The necessity of her project, What Happened on September 11, struck filmmaker Amy Schatz when a third-grade girl told her about a playdate where she and a friend googled "Sept. 11 attacks."

"When a child does that, what he or she finds are some pretty horrific images that are not necessarily appropriate for kids," Schatz said. "So I felt a responsibility to try to fill that void and try to give kids something that isnít horrifying and kind of fills in the gap."

The half-hour film debuted on September 11. A companion piece, focusing on the memories of former students at a high school near Ground Zero, premiered three hours later.

Schatz has made a specialty of creating films that seek to explain the inexplicable, with The Number on Great-Grandpaís Arm tackling the Holocaust and another on the Parkland shooting. "Iím really desperate for some more lightness very soon," she said.

In this case, she worked with the September 11 remembrance museum on the story, filming two men who work there giving presentations to third-graders. Stephen Kern, who worked on the 62nd floor of the World Trade Centerís North Tower, talks about being evacuated. Matthew Crawford, whose father was a firefighter who died that day, discusses his experience. She also found a middle school in Secaucus, New Jersey, that teaches history through art and poetry, helping students process the emotions of what they learned.

Short history lessons are sprinkled throughout the film, about New York and the World Trade Center, the one-time tallest towers in the world. Construction began in 1968.

"One of the biggest questions the kids have is why? ĎWhy would somebody do that? Why would there be such cruelty?í" she said. "Thatís a very difficult thing to grapple with and answer so that was the trickiest part of the project."

The film tells of Osama bin Laden and his activism that started with the Soviet Unionís invasion of Afghanistan. But it never truly answers the whys. Maybe no one can.

Schatz doesnít avoid some of the terrible images of the day: the second plane striking the World Trade Center and resultant fireball, the collapse of each tower, and the giant clouds of debris that billowed through the canyons of city streets. Schatz didnít want to avoid those clips, since kids know that planes crashed into the buildings, but she opted not to spend much time on them "so that we didnít create too many lingering after-images in peopleís minds."

As part of her research, Schatz interviewed alumni of Stuyvesant High School near the World Trade Center site. But the memories of what they saw, heard, and smelled that day ó and the uncertainty of how they would get home from school ó proved too raw. Thatís why In the Shadow of the Towers: Stuyvesant High on 9/11 is a separate film that premiered on HBO three hours after the first one.

Schatz said a school curriculum is being developed for teaching children about the tragedy, and What Happened on September 11 will be made available to schools for free. The film is aimed generally at children seven through 12 years old.

Throughout her work, Schatz kept returning to the memory of the youngster searching for details about September 11 on the internet.

"You canít protect kids from what theyíre going to come across," she said. "It seemed to me there was an opportunity to put something out there that is age-appropriate and not too scary and give them the tools they need to understand the world around them."


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