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DISAPPEARING ART. Tej Kumari Chitrakar makes traditional paintings ahead of the Naag Panchami festival at her residence in Bhaktapur, Nepal. Chitrakar families in the Nepalese capital of Kathmandu were renowned traditional painters and sculptors who depicted gods and goddesses on temples, masks of Hindu deities, and posters for various religious celebrations. For Tej Kumari and her husband, it is a struggle to keep the dying art alive against mass machine-printed posters. (AP Photo/Niranjan Shrestha)
From The Asian Reporter, V29, #17 (September 2, 2019), page 11.
Painter-caste Nepal couple tries saving dying art
By Niranjan Shrestha
The Associated Press
KATHMANDU, Nepal ó Chitrakar families in the Nepalese capital of Kathmandu were renowned traditional painters and sculptors who depicted gods and goddesses on temples, masks of Hindu deities, and posters for various religious celebrations.
The art and tradition, however, is dying because of mass machine-printed posters and card-size pictures of gods that are cheaper and more popular. There are just 10 or fewer families now painting in the style, which is denoted by its vivid palette of plant-based paints. New generations of Chitrakars are going into other professions, or leaving Nepal for work or education abroad.
For Chitrakar couple Tej Kumari and Purna, who have been following the tradition at their home in Bhaktapur, a suburb of Kathmandu, it is a struggle to keep the dying art alive against the modern mass-produced prints.
The Chitrakars were given their title, which became their family name, by 14th century King Jayasthiti Malla. Malla classified the Newar ethnic group of Kathmandu under a caste system according to occupations passed down from generation to generation, with different families taking on roles as priests, artisans, fishermen, cleaners, farmers, traders, and many more. With this, higher and lower castes were also formed.
Nepal history and culture expert Satya Mohan Joshi said there were positive and negative aspects of the system back then.
"The bad thing was it created a basis for discrimination. The good thing was it created expertise in each sector," he said, allowing the Chitrakarís distinct painting style to continue and flourish.
"Even if the painterís son, a Chitrakar, wanted to do the coppersmith job of a Tamrakar, they werenít able to," he said, referring to another Hindu ethnic group. "It is still the same now. But passing these skills on to people from different castes and backgrounds who want to learn the craft could save these traditions."
Tej Kumari and Purna learned how to paint in the Chitrakar style from their fathers and grandfathers, knowledge passed down over generations. However, they are not sure if the next generation will continue the tradition. Their two sons work in business but their third son is showing some interest in learning the trade.
While painting snake gods for the Hindu festival of Naag Panchami, Tej Kumari recalled days when she would make thousands of posters for people to paste on their doors in August. This year she made only about 50.
She said machine-printed ones have gained popularity, leading to a drastic reduction in the number of customers. Many of the older generation who appreciated the art form have died.
"It is a craft I have known and practiced for ages," she said. "If anyone in Nepal would like to learn it and keep the culture alive, I would happily teach them."
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